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The ethnic groups of Fangchenggang

(fcgs.org.cn) 2014-11-28

Fangchenggang has many ethnic groups, like the Jing nationality, the Yao nationality, and the Zhuang nationality. People there speak Mandarin, Cantonese, Zhuang language, Hakka, Yao language and Gin language and so on.

Various ethnic groups in Fangchenggang live on friendly terms with each other like brothers and sisters. They work in unity and help each other in building the beautiful land of a socialist southern borderland. The Yao nationality: self-proclaimed “Mian”, “Jinmen”.

The Yao nationality in the municipal district is divided into two kinds: “Banyao” and “Huatouyao”, who have resided in the huge mountain for a history of about 300 years. Their language belongs to the Yao sub-branch of the Miao-Yao Branch of Sino-Tibetan languages. Young men and women often express their love by singing in an antiphonal style. In case of expressing deep love, the girl will throw an embroidered ball, while the boy will grab his lover’s personal belonging as token of love.

During the wedding ceremony, the people welcoming the bride will sing in an antiphonal style with the presider on the bride’s side or the guests. When leaving home, the bride’s elder brother or uncle will carry her on his back to go out of the central room and then walk to the groom’s home. The Jing nationality: self-proclaimed “Jing”, another name “Yue” in history.

In 1985, it was named the Jing nationality. The Jing nationality were moved in from Tushan of Vietnam after the 15th century. They firstly dwelled on Wutou Island, and then gradually grew up in Wanwei, Shanxin, Tanji and nearby Jiangping Town.

They speak the Gin language, but the classifications of its language family, language group and language branch still remain inconclusive. They worship their ancestors and believe in many gods that are mostly related with the ocean.

Presently, there are 12,288 people in the municipal district. The Jing nationality’s production is mainly agriculture and fishing, and the fishing of Wanwei Island is dominated by large drift-net fishing.

The Han nationality: reside in the municipal district in a scattered way, and they speak local vernacular language (belonging to Cantonese classes) and Hakka. Their customs are similar to that of the Han nationality of nearby counties and cities.

The Zhuang nationality: self-proclaimed “Buzhuang” and “Bunong”. They use Zhuang language, which belongs to the Dai language sub-branch of the Zhuang-Dong Branch of Sino-Tibetan languages. The Zhuang nationality evolved from a branch of the Baiyue nationality of ancient China. They have resided in Shangsi district and Fangcheng district for a long history with many distinctive ethnic customs, like “Double Third Day” Song Festival and “Tiao Ling Tou”.

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